IAS Papers

Important Facts about India:
Least populous district: Yanam 
Most literate district: Aizawl 
Least literate State: Bihar - 47% 
Most densely populated State: West Bengal 
Most literate State: Kerala 
Largest State (areawise): Rajasthan 
Smallest State: Goa 
Most populous State: UP 
Least populous State: Sikkim 
Southern most point: Indira Point 
Maximum North-South distance: 3214 km 
Maximum East-West distance: 2933 km 
Golden quadrilateral connecting 4 metros: distance: 5846 km 
Major Ports on coastline: 12 
Biosphere Reserves and their location.:
1. Nilgiri - Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka 
2. Nanda Devi - Uttar Pradesh (part of Chamoli, Pithorgarh and Almora districts and Meghalaya ( part of Garo hills) 
3. Nokrek - Meghalaya 
4. Manas - Assam 
5. Sunderbans - West Bengal 
6. Gulf of Mannar - Tamil Nadu 
7. Great Nicobar - (A & N Islands) 
8. Simlipal - Orissa 
9. Dibru-Saikhowa - Assam 
10. Dihang Dibang - Arunachal Pradesh 
11. Kanchenchunga - Sikkim 
12. Pachmarhi - Madhya Pradesh 
13. Agasthyamalai - Kerala 
14. Achanakamar -Amarkantak- Parts of MP and parts of Chattisgarh 
Length of rivers (in km):
Indus - 2900 
Brahmaputra - 2900 
Ganga - 2510 
Godavari - 1450 
Narmada - 1290 
Krishna - 1290 
Mahanadi - 890 
Kaveri - 760 
West flowing small rivers of India:
Sabarmati, Mahi, Dhandhar, Kalinadi, Sharavathi, Bharathapuzha, Periyar 
East flowing small rivers of India: 
Subarnarekha, Baitarni, Brahmani, Penner, Palar 
Agriculture - Crop Seasons: 
India has two crop seasons. 
a) Kharif: Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Ragi, Maize, Cotton, Jute 
Sowing: June/July 
Harvest: September/October 
b)Rabi: Wheat, Barley, Peas, Rapeseed, Mustard, Gram. 
Sowing: October/December 
Harvest: April/May 
Model Question:
Candidates should attempt all question strictly in accordance with the instructions given under each questions. The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the question. 
1. Answer anyone of the following questions (in about 250 words): 30
(a) What was the character of social religious reforms in the 19th Century and how did they contribute to the national 
awakening in India 
(b) The crisis of the colonial order during 1919 and 1939 was directly linked to the constitutional reforms,disillusionment and militant anti-colonial struggles. Elucidate 
2. Answer any two of the following questions (in about 150 words each) : 15×2 = 30
(a) What are the salient features of the Government of India Acts of 1858 and 1909? 
(b) Do you think Mahatma Gandhi’s support to Khilafat Movement had diluted his secular credentials? Give your 
argument based on the assessment of events. 
(c) Evaluate the contribution of revolutionary terrorism represented by Bhagat Singh to the cause of India’s Struggle of independence. 
3. Write about the following (not 20 words each) : 2×15 = 30
(a) Age of Sangam Literature 
(b) Bhakti 
(c) Ashtadhyayi of Panini 
(d) Charvakas 
(e) Ajivikas 
(f) Gandhara Art 
(g) Mlechchas 
(h) Lingayats 
(i) Megasthenes 
(j) R. C. Dutt 
(k) Nagarjunakonda 
(1) Pastoralism 
(m) Rudramadevi 
(n) Sati 
(0) Ramanuja 
4. Answer any two of the following questions (in about 125 words each) : l0×2=20
(a) Explain how the Himalayan and the Tibetan highlands play an important role in the development of the South West monsoon. 
(b) Technological changes have brought in a major shift in the use of roads as transport corridors in India. How far do 
you agree with this view? 
(c) Explain the nature and causes of growing slum problems in the metropolitan cities of India. 
5. Write notes on the following (in about 20 words each): 2 x 5= 10
(a) Special Economic Zone (SEZ) 
(b) Inceptisol 
(c) Jarawas 
(d) Indira Point 
(e) Causes of Chambal Ravines 
6. Answer anyone of the following questions (in about 250 words) : 30
(a) What is a Constitution? What are the main sources of the Indian Constitution? 
(b) Bring out the differences between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy. Discuss some of the measures taken by the Union and State Governments for the implementation of the Directive Principles of State 
7. Answer anyone of the following questions (in about 250 words): 30
(a). What is regionalism ? In which way regionalism has affected the Indian Polity.
(b). what are the Main determination of voting behavior in India? 
8. Answer any two of the following questions (in about 150 words each): 15×2 = 30
(a) What are the exceptions when the President of India is not bound by the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers? 
(b) What is pro tem Speaker? 
(c) Under what circumstances, Parliament may legislate on State subjects? 
9. Answer the following questions (in about 20 words each): 2 x 5 = 10
(a). What is criminalization of politics? 
(b). How president of India elected? 
(c). what is casting vote? 
(d). what is the difference between council of Minister and Cabinet? 
(e). what is the importance of Right to constitutional remedies? 
10. Answer anyone of the following questions (in about 250 words): 30
(a). what were the main recommendations of the Platform for Action (PFA) adopted at the Beijing Women Conference 1995? 
(b) Discuss the steps to get rid of child labour in India. 
11. Answer any two of the following questions (in about 125 words each): l0×2=20
(a) What is stealth technology? 
(b) Differentiate between Natural and Cultural heritage. 
(c) What is value-based politics? 
12. Write notes on any two of the following (in about 125 words each) : I0×2=20
(a) Integrated Child Services (lCDS) Development 
(b) Prime Minister’s 5-point agenda for India’s development as a knowledge society 
(c) The Lokpal Bill. 
13. Write short notes on the following ( in about 20 words each ) 2 x 5 = 10
(a) Yakshagana 
(b) PACE. 
(c) Footloose Industries 
(d) The Statue of Liberty 
(e) Genome